Thursday, May 02, 2013

How India’s Unique ID System AADHAAR can Change Lives of People and the Governments

While scanning some blogs this morning, I came across an article How India’s Unique ID System is Changing Lives on blog of World bank, pasted below for your convenience. Article considers as id issuing of  Aadhar card has some thing to do with elimination of poverty, however, many commentators there have pointed otherwise as well.

What comes to my mind is that Issuing an identity card,like AADHAAR which presumes that biodata of the card holder is on record, is clearly nothing other than head counting, but certain applications and implications must be of considerable interests. Having data base may be a safety measure for the Govt, but Card holder is a step higher at risk of being misused or implicated some where, keeping in mind the corrupt and fraudulent practices we find every where.It makes it an easy gate way for an unauthoried or illegal migrant, and as cases have been coming to the notice in relation to millions of Bangladeshis, to enter National register and reap the benefit and also get legal status.
Now the other side, ideally, a scheme linked to it, known as "direct cash transfer" eliminates the middle men or middle agencies who were siphoning out the subsidies and benefits BUT it does not eliminate, the only difference is that through Aadhaar system it will not take place at the local levels where at least 5% has been delivered, in a corrupt system, but at the Information System administrator level, change of a single digit, pardoned as typo,can hijack the whole flow to another destination siphoning off 100%. And last but not least, it is this System Administrator which can be used to buy VOTE Bank by paying directly to the accounts of grass root voters, legally and without coming to the sight of vigilance and Institutions like Election Commission.

The original blog article referred to above is pasted below for your convenience.

When it comes to ID systems, India's Aadhaar initiative sets a high bar for the rest of the world. Aadhaar is a state-of-the-art online system that provides unique 12-digit ID numbers to residents of India. These numbers can be used for a wide range of public and private services.

On April 24, World Bank Group President Jim Yong Kim welcomed Nandan Nilekani, the Chairman of the Unique Identification Authority of India – the agency that created Aadhaar, for a discussion on the science of delivering online IDs to over a billion people.

"This could be the greatest poverty killer app we've ever seen," Kim said in his introductory remarks.

During a keynote presentation, Nilekani stressed how Aadhaar can give individuals access to finance, healthcare, and government services.

Aadhaar has already registered over 300 million people in its cloud database. Eventually the system will register all of India's 1.2 billion residents – but that's not all its set out to do. Aadhaar encourages innovation through an interface open to private and public applications. One of its first major applications, for example, will use the unique IDs to electronically distribute funds to millions of people by the end of 2013.

"We answer the question, ‘Who am I?' And then we expect innovations to be built on top of this," said Nilekani. "Hopefully in the next 5–10 years there will be a whole ecosystem of apps that will bring more and more benefits to people who don't have an ID."

Nilekani entered government with the goal of getting IDs into the hands of millions of Indians. He wanted to create a system that enabled social inclusion and made government more efficient, effective, and equitable. Aadhaar now enrolls one million new people per day.

"At scale up of a million per day you could think of making this available in places like Africa," said Kim. He went on to ask, "What have been your thoughts about working on a global scale?"

Nilekani explained that his focus is on India, but he does want to make the system sharable for any country to use.

World Bank Chief Economist Kaushik Basu moderated the conversation, and took questions via a live and online audience.

An online question from India asked, "How can the World Bank replicate Aadhaar and end poverty by 2030?"

Kim responded, "On a huge scale, access to financial services is really critical. We've got to think about how we integrate this technology into a massive effort to scale up access to financial services."

Later Kim noted, "If we are going to end poverty by 2030, all of us at the World Bank Group have to really spread out to every corner of the world and find where these innovations are taking place and then bring them back." "I see this as the beginning of an institution-wide conversation about how we can make this system work for everybody."

Find out more about Aadhaar and how it is changing lives in India by watching the event and replaying the live blog coverage on World Bank Live.


Its Me said...

Aadhaar is a very good scheme from the Indian government especially for the poor people from the country. The scheme has been accepted across the country with open hearts and we should appreciate government’s efforts for such type of schemes. The launch of Aadhaar based Direct Cash Transfer scheme is an addition to benefits of the people as it will reduce the corruption involved up to some extent. The genuine beneficiary will get advantages of the welfare programmes from both the state and the central government.

Mahek said...

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